Water is essential for life. No living being on planet earth can survive without it. It is a prerequisite for human health and well-being as well as for the preservation of the environment. Every year millions of people die from diseases associated with the consumption of contaminated drinking water, inadequate water supply, sub-optimal or poor sanitation and hygiene. Diseases transmitted through water or human and animal excrement are the leading cause of death among children worldwide. According to WHO, in every eight second a child dies out of waterborne or water related disease.

This course will discuss analytical methods and theories to determine water quality of different water resources and factors and processes affecting the microbial water quality. We will also discuss the approaches that may be taken to improve the quality of drinking water and water conservation. The course will also cover water remediation and safeguard techniques for the improvement of water quality.

The training aims at employability in the water analytical lab as analyst and supervisors. The certificate will be authorized by the Principal of Farook College, Head of the Department and Coordinator of the programme.

Course Coordinator
Dr. Shalina Begum. T
Assistant Professor 
PG & Research Department of Chemistry

Goal of the Course
➢To identify water quality of different water resources using different analytical methods.
➢To improve quality of water by using suitable purification techniques.
➢To provide a broad, in-depth overview of important relationship between water quality and human health.
➢To understand the impact of water and water related issues in an environmental and societal context.
➢To provide an awareness on water conservation and harvesting.

Learning Outcomes
➢Ability to use the techniques and skills necessary for water resource management.
➢An ability to apply knowledge of science and mathematics.
➢Knowledge of contemporary issues.
➢An ability to identify, formulate and solve environmental problems.
➢Recognition of the need for, and an ability to engage in life-long learning.

Course Structure
This course examines the current approaches to water quality analysis. Specific topics covered in the course include different water sources, water quality standards of drinking water and its analysis, types of water pollution and simple approaches to water quality management.

Under the supervision of Principal and Head of the Department, the coordinator will monitor the progress of student who is enrolled into the programme. An evaluation report will be published after each month.

Module I
Introduction: Water and its Quality Parameters – 4 Hours Theory +6 hours Practicals 
Assessment: Theory (10%) and  Practical (15%)

Module II
Water Analysis  – 4 Hours Theory + 3 Hours Practicals 

Field visit and Awareness programme – Water Conservation – 3 Hours
Assessment: Theory (10%) and Practical (10%).  Field Visit Report & Viva – 5%

Module III
Water Pollution and Management – 4 Hours Theory and  6 Hours Practicals
Assessment: Theory (10%) and Practical (15%)

Module IV
Water treatment – 4 Hours
Group Project – 6 hours
Assessment: Theory (10%) and  Project & Viva (15%)

Eligibility for the Course
Candidates for admission to certificate course in Water Quality Assessment could posses minimum
75% in Higher Secondary level with Biology/ Physics/ Chemistry or students of B.Sc programme.

Duration of the Course: Three month, 40 hours.
Number of intake: 20 students per batch

Theory (40%) + Practical (40%) + Field visit and viva (5%) + Project and viva (15%) =  Total 100%

Introduction: Water and its Quality Parameters – Chemistry of water – Water resources – Hydrological cycle – Water quality parameters and drinking standard – Physical, Chemical quality of drinking water – Biological quality of drinking water.

Water Analysis – Water composition analysis – Hardness testing – pH- Salinity- Turbidity – TDS – Conductivity testing – Minerals – BOD, COD, DO, Coli forms – Culture identification – MPN test -Microscopy: principles and practices – Staining methods. Water borne pathogen: Types and Detection – Potability of water.

Water Pollution and Management – Environmental pollution – Definition -Types – Water pollution – Causes- Industrial and domestic effluents – Pesticides – Health hazards – Waterborne diseases. Control measures- Agencies of water quality testing- TWAD – Pollution Control Boards (State and Central) –Duties and responsibilities – Water testing labs- Environmental law: concepts.

Water treatment – Treatment of water: Flowchart of water treatment plant, Treatment methods (Theory and Design) – Physico-chemical treatments: Sedimentation, Coagulation-flocculation, Settling tanks, Disinfection systems: Chemicals- Chlorination and other disinfection methods, UV, Ozonation, aeration and gas transfer; precipitation; softening; adsorption and ion exchange; Reverse osmosis technologies
membrane processes, Ultra filtration.

Practical Analytical Methods – Introduction to analytical laboratory – Safety, Equipments and techniques used in laboratory, Determination of hardness, pH, turbidity, conductivity, DO, BOD and COD, Analysis of metals and ions, Microbiological analysis, MPN analysis.

1. Hydrology – Principles, analysis and Design – H. M Ragunath, New age International Publications.(1996)
2. Standard Methods for the examination of water and waste water – APHA (American Public Health Association), AWWA (American Water Works Association), WEF (Water Environmental Federation)
3. Low cost waste water treatment technologies – R. K. Trivedy and Siddharth Kaul
4. Pollution and Bioremediation- P. C. Trivedi
5. An Introduction to Environmental pollution- B. K. Sharma and H. Kaur
6. Environmental Chemistry – A. K. De
7. Microbiology – Micheal J. Pelczar, E. C. S. Chan, Noel R. Krieg.
8.Textbook of Microbiology – R. Ananthanarayan and C. K. Jayaram Paniker